Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body is not able to control the amount of glucose (a form of sugar)in blood. Glucose is needed by the body to produce energy but too much glucose leads to serious problems. Glucose levels are normally controlled by the hormone insulin, which is produced in the pancrease. With diabetes, there either not enough insulin produced or the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced. There are two main types of diabetes, TYPE 1 and TYPE 2. TYPE 2 is also called non-insulin dependent diabetes and is the most common type (about 90% of people with diabetes). It often affects people over age 40.
FREQUENT SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
- Many people do not know they have diabetes. There may be no symptoms or symptoms develop gradually.
- Fatigue and excess thirst.br> - General ill feelings, increased appetite, weight loss and frequent urination.
- Slow healing of cuts and bruises.
- Blurred vision.
- Impotence (erectile dysfunction).
- Increased risk of infection of such as urinary tract infections and yeast infections of skin, mouth or vagina.
RISK INCREASE WITH :
- Family history of diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy).
- Over weight, especially with fat around the abdomen.
- High blood pressure or high cholesterol.
- Sedentary life style (lack of physical activity).
- Metabolic syndrome(a set of conditions).
- Control overweight(lose weight if you are overweight)
- Exercise regularly. Eat a healthy diet.
- Control high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATION :
• Cardiovascular(heart and blood vessel) disease.
• kidney damage/blindness and nerve damage.
• Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) or ketaacidosis (sever reaction).
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
• Your doctor will do a physical exam and ask question about your symptoms. Tests include blood glucose and urine studies. A glucose tolerance test may be done. follow up includes hemoglobin A/C test. It shows the blood glucose levels for the past three months.
• TYPE 2 diabetes is treated with lifestyle changes (exercise and diet) and drug therapy, if needed.
• Learn all you can about diabetes. Learn the signs and symptoms of high and low blood glucose levels and what to do. Keep glucose levels and what to do. Keep glucose tablet handy for treating low blood sugar, if needed.
• Get regular foot care by a food care producer (e.g.podiatrist) and regular eye checkups.
• Stop smoking. Find a way to quit that works for you.
• Wear a medical alert type bracelet or neck tag to indicate you have diabetes and drugs you take.
• Get medical care for any infection.
• One or more type of oral anti diabetic drugs may prescribed. Your doctor will discuss the options, the benefits and the risks with you. Insulin may be prescribed if oral drugs are not effective.
• Aspirin cholesterol lowering drugs and drugs for high blood pressure may be prescribed.
Daily exercises help control diabetes. Follow your health care providers advice about an exercise plan.
A healthy diet is a part of treatment. Do not skip meals. A dietitian can help you will meal plans.
NOTIFY YOUR DOCTOR IF:
• You or your family member has symptoms of diabetes.
• After diagnosis, any symptoms cause you concern or problem occur with glucose control.