HYPERLIPEDEMIA
BASIC INFORMATION:
DESCRIPTION:
Hyperlipedemia is the medical term used to describe having high amount of lipids in the blood. Lipids, such as cholesterol and triglycerides, are fat pr fat-like substances that maintain important body function. They travel in the blood stream attached to proteins. The lipid-protein combination is called lipoproteins. Lipoproteins help the lipids get absorbed by the body cells. Hyperlipidemia is called primary if it is inherited and secondary if it is caused by illness or other health problem. Subcategories of hyperlipedemia include :
1)Hypercholesterolemia (high levels of cholesterol).
2)Hypertriglyceridemia (high levels of triglycerides).
3)Hyperlipoproteinamia (high levels of lipoproteins).
FREQUENT SINGS AND SYMPTOMS :
1.There are usually no symptoms. It may discovered on routine blood studied.
2.There may be pinkish yellow deposits of fat in the skin beneath eye, elblow, and knees and in tendons.
CAUSES :
1.There are five types of lipoproteins defined by size and density. Two types carry cholesterol and the other three types carry triglycerides.
2.Cholesterol is carried through the blood by high density lipoproteins (HDL) and low density lipoproteins(LDL). 3.High level of LDL and / or low levels of HDL can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. Triglycerides are carried by three lipoproteins. They are very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), intermediate density lipoproteins (IDL) and chylomicrons. High triglycerides levels may increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
4.Guideline suggests that to reduce risk, HDL should be above 40 LDL should be below 130, and triglycerides should be below 150, for most people.
RISK INCREASES WITH :
1.Hereditary factors.
2.A diet that is high in fat and cholesterol.
3.Illness or medical problems such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, nephritic syndrome, alcoholism, or obstructive liver disease.
4.Sedentary life style (lack of physical activity).
5.Age : males over 40 and females over 55.
PREVENTIVE MEASURES :
1.Exercise daily. Maintain a healthy weight, Eat a healthy diet. 2.Get a medical test to check your blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides.
EXPECTED OUTCOMES :
Usually treatable or controllable with diet and drugs.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATIONS :
Atherosclerosis (fatty deposits on artery walls). This is a major cause of coronary heart disease.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT:
GENERAL MEASUREMENTS :
1.Your Doctor may do a physical exam and ask questions about any symptoms. For diagnosis a blood study will be done to measure blood lipids.
2.Treatment will depend on the results of your blood studies, your health risk and other medical problems.
3.For some patients, an altered diet and lifestyle changes may be sufficient for treatment. Other may require drugs to reduce blood lipids.
4.Emotional stress can increased the risk of heart disease. Look for way to reduce stress in your life relaxation method.
5.Quite smoking. Find a way to stop that works for you.
MEDICATIONS :
1.Many drugs are now prescribed to control blood lipids. Your Doctor will discuss the options and the attendant risk and benefits with you.
2.Drugs to treat disease such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or thyroid condition may be prescribed.
ACTIVITY :
Regular exercise is helpful for reducing weight, staying fit and controlling stress. It might help in increasing the body ability to clear fat from the blood after meals.
DIET :
1.Eat a diet that is low in fat (particularly saturated fat). Eat a high fiber diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Medical advice on a proper diet may be helpful.
2.Lose weight, if you are overweight. The more overweight you are, the more lipids your body produces.
Reduce alcohol intake.
NOTIFY YOUR DOCTOR IF :
You or a family member has symptoms or a family history of Hyperlipedemia. New, unexplained symptoms develop.