HEART ATTACK (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION)
BASIC INFORMATION :
A sudden instance of abnormal heart function. A heart attack is life threatening event. It most often affects adults over 40. It is more common in men but the incidence is rising for women.
FREQUENT SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS :
• Chest pain or Heavy, squeezing or crushing feeling in the chest.
• Pain that radiates from the mid chest over the breast, bone of the jaw, neck, either arm. the area between the shoulder, bladder, or upper abdomen.
• Feeling of impending doom.
• Shortening of breath.
• Nausea and vomiting.
• Sweating.
• Dizziness.
• Chocking.
CAUSES :
A heart attack occurs when the supply of blood and oxygen to an area of the heart muscle is blocked. This is usually die to a blood clot in a coronary artery. The blockage leads to an irregular heart beat or rhythm that causes a sever decreased in heart function. When the heart actually stops, it is called cardiac arrest.
RISK INCREASES WITH :
• Men over age of 45 and women over age of 55.
• Family history of early heart disease.
• Personal history of coronary artery disease.
• Smoking.
• Obesity.
• High LDL cholesterol levels or low HDL cholesterol.
• High blood pressure.
• Diabetes.
• Sedentary life style (lack of physical activity).
PREVENTIVE MEASURES:
• Exercise daily.
• Maintain healthy weight. Eat a healthy diet. Do not smoke. Get medical car for diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
EXPECTED OUTCOMES:
The amount of damage from a heart attack depends on how much of the heart is affected, how soon treatment begins, and factors. Survivors should allow 4 to 8 weeks for recovery. Repeat heart attacks are common.
POSSIBLE COMPLICATION:
• Irregular heart rhythms.
• Shock.
• Congestive heart failure.
• Pericarditis (heart lining inflammation).
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT:
• If you have any symptoms of heart attack, seek medical help right away. Do not drive yourself.
• If you suspect heart attack symptoms in someone, call your local emergency service for help.
• Diagnosis and treatment of heart attack begins when emergency medical personnel arrive after you call the local emergency service. In hospital emergency room, doctor will work fast to find out if you are having or have had a heart attack and to give you treatment.
• If your are having a heart attack, treatment is done to restore the blood flow to the heart and to monitor your vital signs to detect and treat complications.
• Long term treatment after a heart attack may include cardiac rehabilitation, checkups and lifestyle changes (such as stop smoking or weight loss), and drug therapy.
MEDICATIONS:
• Drugs to dissolve and prevent clots may be used for emergency care.
• After a heart attack, drugs may be prescribed to help the heart function, treat high blood pressure, prevent clots or to lower cholesterol levels.
ACTIVITY :
Your normal activates gradually during recovery. An exercise program will usually be recommended. You will be advise about when to work, resume sexual relation or drive a car.
DIET:
• After a heart attack, eat a low fat, high fiber diet.
• Maintain ideal weight. Start a reducing diet if overweight.
NOTIFY YOUR DOCTOR IF:
• You or a family member has symptoms of heart attack. This is a life threatening emergency.
• New symptoms occur during recovery.